Tablou Basiliu Raţiu de Nagylak Basiliu Raţiu (n. Dec. 25, 1783, Turda, Turda County - d. Dec. 12, 1870, Blaj, Alba county of Down), also known as Basil Ratiu Baziliu Nagylak Ratiu the predicate (Noşlac) [1], the Hungarian Sight Rácz [2] or German Ratz was Greek Catholic priest, dean, professor, rector of the Seminary Diecesan Blaj, canon [3] and the first prepozit capitular Metropolitan [4] [5] the Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek -Catolică.


He was born on December 25, 1783 in Turda, then capital of the county Turda, Cluj County today and died on December 12, 1870 in Blaj, Alba County Down, now in Alba County.
Ratiu family is descended from Nagylak (Noşlac) of Turda, Transylvania attested in the early century. XIV and reînnobilată in 1625 by Prince Gabriel Bethlen.
He studied at Turda, Aiud, Cluj, Blaj and Vienna. He was ordained a celibate priest named Basiliu St. Barbara Church in Vienna in 1810 Follower of Peter Major, was a doctor of theology and philosophy at the University of Vienna in 1811.


Theological and political activity
Personality respected Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic priest Basiliu Ratiu was Ocna Mures, 1813; dean in his hometown of Turda, 1819; XII of the series canon surrender in 1824 and the first prepozit Metropolitan, Blaj, 1855.
He was professor and rector of the seminary three times diecesan Blaj, 1827-1832, 1834-1939 and 1842-1845. He wrote two books, used books a long time, "canon law" remained in manuscript and Beserecesca history first hand the history of the Church Blaj printed in 1854.
He was a genuine patriot and Romanian attached to national ideals, founding member of the Astra, the most important figure of the family in mid-century. nineteenth century, called "the century of nations". During his long life he was involved with the great apostles Romanian Transylvanian all shares held political struggles and efforts to accomplish national ideals. He embraced the history of the Romanian people on 3/15 May 1848, the Grand Assembly on "Freedom Field" Blaj as prophetically named Simon Bărnuţiu. Then he proposed to sit there a national shrine by the name "stone Freedom", known to this day as "Canon Rock Ratiu".


A close collaborator of the first Metropolitan of the Romanian Church United with Rome, Greek-Catholic, Alexander Sterca-Şuluţiu was one of the signatories Pronunciamentului Blaj of 3/15 May 1868, the declaration of protest [6] Transylvanian Romanian intellectuals leaders to cancellation autonomy and potting principality of Transylvania to Hungary in 1867, a result of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. The document was adopted to celebrate twenty years of the Great National Assembly on Liberty Plain Blaj. For this was indicted, along with other signatories, on charges "of the crime of high treason" at the age of 85 years. Since the publication Pronunciamentului, especially the repressive measures taken, there was a real rivalry, similar to the period 1848-1849, accompanied by a strong international response, increased risk of national political turmoil, Emperor Franz Joseph stayed the trial against signatories the Royal Board of Targu Mures.


Controversies
Protopărintele [8] Ratiu Family Turda introduced in 1821, transcription in Latin alphabet family name, family descendants of Nagylak Racz, giving the script Hungarian Rácz [9] [10] and Ratz in German. [11] [12] Basiliu with his brothers obtained favor in the lawsuit filed by authorities for re-authorization noble title in 1829, the family has the right to continue living in the city of Turda.
Basiliu Ratiu was built [13] Greek Catholic Church in Turda Old Oana with his sister and six brothers: Indrei, Gregory, John, David, D. and Matthew. The church was consecrated in 1839 and is known to this day as the Church RATESTI. From 1948 until the present church was used by the Romanian Orthodox Church.


Basiliu Ratiu made
​​significant donations for Greek Catholic parish church in Turda Old. The money came from a court around 1830 cash refund given for an illegal seizure of land Ratiu family, spent the days of George Rákóczi II at Noşlac, Alba County, in the XVII century.
With the compensation obtained for the confiscation of land from Noşlac, in 1866, founded Basiliu Ratiu Eforia Cultural Fund, which endowed it with property in the center of Turda, which still exists today. He founded the first Romanian Greek-Catholic religious school in Turda Old Eforia built in 1874 [14], allowed the parish council to carry out major work RATESTI church and the establishment of a fund for scholarships and stipends for young Romanian studying in different schools in Transylvania and the Empire, who after returning home have helped to illuminate the Romanian people. Author Eforiei statutes and first president was Dr. Ioan Ratiu memoranda, grandson of the brother of Basiliu.


Basiliu Ratiu, as a role model of Vladika Transylvanian the memory market, which after uniting with Rome came to a social position and a better financial situation, decided to restore the people who hoard up all his long life, which left her church and school Eforiei Turda.
At December 12, 2010 were held in Blaj commemorative events dedicated to the celebration of 140 years of the death of the high priest. [15]
After celebrating Mass at the Metropolitan Cathedral was celebrated a requiem memorial after the small church cemetery Greeks committed a service of blessing of the monument at the grave of Basiliu Ratiu. Finally, there was the unveiling and blessing Memorial Plate Basiliu Ratiu, displayed in the lobby of the Greek-Catholic Theological Institute of Blaj.


On 28 July 2011, with the approval of Metropolitan Andrei Andreicut was consecrated inscription RATESTI Church, reconstituted after the original inscription, which disappeared in unknown circumstances after 1948 were also the founders and main contributors holy monuments are in the church. Re-inscription was an act of historical recovery.
"Nestorius Romanian Greek Catholic Church" [16], as seen by contemporaries and "Patriarch" [17] Ratiu Family Turda rests with other personalities of the Romanian people in the little church cemetery Greek Blaj ad.